The problem of homelessness is not new to the world. Social, economic and legal conditions of different historical periods have created various causes and mechanisms of homelessness. Different was the attitude of the authorities and citizens to this issue and to the people that it shipped. Accordingly, it was proposed different solutions. But one thing has remained constant: the difficult socio-economic situation and the powerlessness of the homeless.
Conducted in the last decade, studies of homelessness have been reduced, as a rule, to the study of the homeless from the point of view of sociology (sex and age composition, marital status, educational level, vocational training, livelihoods, income level, reasons for loss of housing, victimization experience, strategy, homeless, etc.) and social psychology (psychological mechanisms of adaptation of people to the homeless life; personality changes, etc.). However, a comprehensive study of the social and legal situation of the homeless, which would reveal not only the socio-economic situation of the homeless, but also lying in the plane of the legislative reasons for this situation have not been undertaken.
The aim of this work primarily to describe the situation in which there are homeless people, to identify barriers that prevent them to move out of homelessness or pose a threat to them to sink to the bottom.
Each barrier can be viewed from four sides.
First, the capabilities of the system of social protection is often not enough for people who find themselves in a difficult situation, managed to overcome these difficulties. Moreover, in a crisis situation, a person actually cease to be necessary services. So, if the lost documents, the receipt of public services is significantly hampered.
Second, the state constantly creates risks for citizens to be disadvantaged in obtaining public services (for example, people coming from other regions to work, face the same problems as homeless people without registration).
Thirdly, the society is not ready to accept socially excluded groups, so people tend not to interact with the homeless, treat them not as equals (the seller may not sell the products in the store, the ambulance doctor – do not take the dying, the guard – do not let the threshold or to publicly beat).
Fourth, we must not forget that each homeless person as any person responsible for his position. We should note that life on the street or at risk of homelessness affects the human psyche, preventing him to get out of this situation.